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Icons of Evolution

Icons of Evolution


Jonathan Wells in his book, “Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution is Wrong” ( Web Site. ), discusses the problem of the teaching of evolution as a fact rather than a theory. He gives the standard lists of evidence taught in many textbooks. The following is an excerpt from the introduction of his book. We will observe that some of these items are examples of microevolution and not macroevolution.

“When asked to list the evidence for Darwinian evolution, most people—including most biologists—give the same set of examples, because all of them learned biology from the same few textbooks. The most common examples are:

    • A laboratory flask containing a simulation of the earth’s primitive atmosphere, in which electric sparks produce the chemical building-blocks of living cells.

    • The evolutionary tree of life, reconstructed from a large and growing body of fossil and molecular evidence.

    • Similar bone structures in a bat’s wing, a porpoise’s flipper, a horse’s leg, and a human hand that indicate their evolutionary origin in a common ancestor.

    • Pictures of similarities in early embryos showing that amphibians, reptiles, birds and human beings are all descended from a fish-like animal.

    • Archaeopteryx, a fossil bird with teeth in its jaws and claws on its wings, is the missing link between ancient reptiles and modern birds.

    • Peppered moths on tree trunks, showing how camouflage and predatory birds produced the most famous example of evolution by natural selection.

    • Darwin’s finches on the Galapagos Islands, thirteen separate species that diverged from one when natural selection produced differences in their beaks, and that inspired Darwin to formulate his theory of evolution.

    • Fruit flies with an extra pair of wings, showing that genetic mutations can provide the raw materials for evolution.

    • A branching-tree pattern of horse fossils that refutes the old-fashioned idea that evolution was directed.

    • Drawings of ape-like creatures evolving into humans, showing that we are just animals and that our existence is merely a by-product of purposeless natural causes.

These examples are so frequently used as evidence for Darwin’s theory that most of them have been called ‘icons’ of evolution. Yet all of them, in one way or another, misrepresent the truth.”

The first is in reference refers to the Urey and Miller experiment conducted in 1953. Stanley L. Miller and Harold C. Urey, working at the University of Chicago, conducted an experiment by combining certain chemical molecules under an electrical charge and produced amino acids. There are some serious doubts about this experiment. First, it was a controlled environment and Miller had no idea about the early earth’s atmosphereic conditions. They made assumptions that cannot be proven. Second, we have already shown that life does not exist in the form of amino acids. It takes DNA to create life from amino acids.

The evolutionary tree of life is based upon man’s assumptions and there is not any absolutely no proof for it.

Evolutionists have made many claims about similarities in early embryos. Ernest Haeckel, Charles Darwin’s most enthusiastic disciple in Germany, devised the iconic embryo chart “proving” that man, at the embryonic stage, man looks almost exactly like identical to various types of animals. Throughout the years, Haeckel charts have appeared in school textbooks. However, today many believe that Haeckel’s embryo charts have been proven to have been faked distorted, and, therefore, are not credible.

Peppered moths, finches, and fruit flies are only examples of microevolution–not macroevolution.