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A New Covenant

A New Covenant

Under the Mosaic Covenant, the Children of Israel proved that it is impossible to keep God’s law while under the control of the flesh. Their natural, depraved nature rebelled against the directive will of God, and they went the ways of the Gentiles into the kingdom of Satan. The Mosaic Covenant served as a litmus test, and completely revealed man’s true colors under sin. The Mosaic Covenant was conditional and temporary, and God knew it would be broken. Yet, He was most patient with his chosen adulteress wife (see Hosea). Although they were allowed to remain in their land for over six hundred years, the golden age of Israel lasted for less than fifty years.

Before the restored nation enters the promised Messianic kingdom, God is going to enter into a new covenant relationship with them. This new covenant, rooted in the Abrahamic covenant, will be permanent and unconditional. It will be based upon the grace of God and the completed work upon the cross.

The prophets, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, gave us details. “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah— not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the LORD.” (Jer. 31:31‑32).

” But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more” (Jer. 31:33‑34).

The New Covenant or New Testament was later given to the church. Romans chapter eleven tells us that the New Covenant was given to the Church to make the Jews jealous, and to show them what they had missed when they rejected their Messiah ( See Romans Chapter 11:11). However, the timing and mission is different between the Church and Israel. To the Church, we are told to go into the whole world, and teach the good news of the gospel of grace. The apostle Paul makes it clear in Romans Chapter 11:25-27 that God will enter into this covenant with Israel after the Church Age. Jeremiah says, that when God enters into this covenant relationship with Israel, that it will be too late to teach; the Scripture says, “they will all know Me”, and those who have not believed at that time will have perished.

In those days God will write his laws in their inward parts and in their hearts. No longer will men be required to keep the law through the weakness of the flesh, but God will live in them, and direct their lives through the power of the Holy Spirit. Perhaps, the Apostle Paul said it best: “I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me” (Gal. 2:20).

The prophet Habakkuk said: “behold the proud, his soul is not upright in him; but the just shall live by his faith” (Hab. 2:4). The Apostle Paul stated three times (Rom. 1:17, Gal. 3.11, and Heb.10:38) that “the just shall live by faith”. He also said that anything that was not of faith was a sin and did not please God (Rom. 14:23 and Heb. 11:6). God does not want us to try to be like God, but He wants us to live our lives so as to reflect His will, His ways and His thoughts.

Today, God is living through the hearts of both Jew and Gentile, if they have been born again, and have become members of Christ’s Church. In the age to come, He will also live through hearts of all those who go into His kingdom. In that day, “the just shall live by his faith ” (Hab. 2:14). “For then I will restore to the peoples a pure language, that they all may call on the name of the LORD, to serve Him with one accord ” (Zeph. 3:9). Then it shall be as it was in the Garden of Eden when all was in harmony with the will of God.

The prophet, Ezekiel, also foresaw God entering into a new covenant relationship with Israel. “For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them. Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God” (Ezek. 36:24‑28).