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Enoch

The life of Enoch

One of the persons in the linage of Seth was a man named Enoch.  “Enoch lived sixty-five years, and begot Methuselah. After he begot Methuselah, Enoch walked with God three hundred years, and had sons and daughters. So all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him” (Gen. 5:21-24).

Enoch walked with God and God took him.  This implies that Enoch did not die but went to heaven to be with God. Enoch is a picture or a type of the rapture which will happen to the Church when Christ comes back for his bride.

In the third chapter of Luke’s gospel, he lists Enoch within the linage of Jesus “the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan” (Luke 3:27).

The writer of Hebrews, in his faith chapter, gives us even more information about the life of Enoch. “By faith Enoch was taken away so that he did not see death, ‘and was not found, because God had taken him’; for before he was taken he had this testimony, that he pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please Him; for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him“ (Heb. 11: 5-6).

Perhaps the most unusual reference to Enoch is given in the very short book of Jude, which was written by Christ’s half-brother.  “Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him” (Jude 13-15).

Where did Jude get this information?  This is the only reference to this information I have found written in the Bible; although, Zechariah does tell us that Christ will come and bring all the saints with him (Zech. 14:5).

The Holy Spirit may have revealed this information to Jude or perhaps he got it from the uncanonized book entitled, “The Book of Enoch”.  It seems that this book may have been in circulation during the time of Christ; although it was never canonized – it is considered apocryphal literature. What was in the book and where did it come from? Was it an old manuscript like the book of Job? The apocryphal literature also contains “The Book of Noah”, which was also included in the “Book of Enoch”.  Sections of the “Book of Enoch” and the “Book of Noah” were found in the “Dead Sea Scrolls”,  which gives them some credibility. Many believe that the Scrolls were hidden by the ancient Jewish sect called the Essenes. Since these documents were not canonized, it is not known how creditable they were. It should be noted that much of the Islamic writings on Enoch seems to have come from these documents. The entire book belongs to the period 130-100 B.C.

The following is a quote from Wikipedia: “Most Christian denominations and traditions may accept the Books of Enoch as having some historical or theological interest, but they generally regard the Books of Enoch as non-canonical or non-inspired.” (Source: (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Enoch ).

However, it seems that the early church fathers made use of the book. The following are a few short quotes. “The book of Enoch was written in the 2nd century B.C., and was popular for about 500 years and by many of the early Church Fathers as Athenagoras, Clement of Alexandria.” “That is, the book is not inspired by God. Over a hundred phrases in the New Testaments find precedents in the Book of Enoch. Tertullian quotes a passage from the Book of Enoch.” “Early church fathers such as Clement and Irenaeus considered it canon. We know that the early Church made use of the Book of Enoch, but it was all lost until recent times.” (Source: (http://hotest-offers.blogspot.com/2011/02/book-of-enoch-quoted-by-early-church.html).

“Augustine (354-430), who is very revered by the Roman Catholic Church establishment, confirmed that Enoch did write about Divine matters. Also, Tertullian (160-230), Clement of Alexandria (150-220), St. Atanasius, St. Jerome and others speak of Enoch’s Book as preserved in Noah’s Ark in the time of the deluge”, that is, they considered it written by the Patriarch Enoch himself.”  

“Furthermore, what St. Jude cites in his above quoted Letter is almost verbatim from the Ethiopic version of the Book of Enoch [Enoch 1:9]. The words “the seventh from Adam” may be also found in the same book [Enoch 60:8] as spoken by Noah, who refers to his grandfather in such manner. Enoch also referred to himself in such manner” [Enoch 93:3]. (Source: (http://www.mgr.org/BookOfEnoch.html).

Have you ever raised the question, did God take Enoch into heaven for a special mission and that Enoch may have also returned to earth. The “Book of Enoch” implies that God used Enoch in dealing with the Nephilim problem. We read: “And the LORD said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.” There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown” (Gen. 6:3-4).

Although disputed, some scholars believe the Nephilim referred the offspring of fallen angels (demons) having sexual relations with the women of that time period. Their offspring were evil giants who populated the earth.  Enoch seems to have been used by God in resolving this problem – see quotes below.

We find reference to the term “sons of God” in Job Chapter two – they appear to be angels. “Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the Lord” (Job 2:1-2).

Some claim that it would be impossible for demons to have sexual relations with human women.  However, how do we know that it is possible for demons to change the characteristics and functions of their bodies. We know that angels and demons take on various physical forms.

Now let us look at some excerpts from “The book of Enoch”.

Quote:

“It happened after the sons of men had multiplied in those days, that daughters were born to them, elegant and beautiful. And when the angels, the sons of heaven, beheld them, they became enamoured of them, saying to each other, come, let us select for ourselves wives from the progeny of men, and let us beget children. Then their leader Samyaza said to them; I fear that you may perhaps be indisposed to the performance of this enterprise; and that I alone shall suffer for so grievous a crime. But they answered him and said; we all swear; and bind ourselves by mutual execrations, that we will not change our intention, but execute our projected undertaking. Then they swore all together, and all bound themselves by mutual execrations. Their whole number was two hundred, who descended upon Ardis, which is the top of mount Armon. That mountain therefore was called Armon, because they had sworn upon it, and bound themselves by these are the names of their chiefs: Samyaza, who was their leader, Urakabarameel, Akibeel, Tamiel, Ramuel, Danel, Azkeel, Saraknyal, Asael, Armers, Batraal, Anane, Zavebe, Samsaveel, Ertael, Turel, Yomyael, Arazyal. These were the prefects of the two hundred angels, and the remainder were all with them.  Then they took wives, each choosing for himself; whom they began to approach, and with whom they cohabited; teaching them sorcery, incantations, and the dividing of roots and trees. And the women conceiving brought forth giants” (Book of Enoch, 7:1-11).

“Whose stature was each three hundred cubits. These devoured all which the labor of men produced; until it became impossible to feed them; when they turned themselves against men, in order to devour them; and began to injure birds, beasts, reptiles, and fishes, to eat their flesh one after another, and to drink their blood. Then the earth reproved the unrighteous” (Book of Enoch, 7:11-15).

We must keep in mind that these must have been fallen angels since righteous angels would not behave this way.

Quote:

“Then the Most High, the Great and Holy One spoke, and sent Arsayalalyur  to the son of Lamech, [Noah]. Saying, Say to him in my name, Conceal yourself. Then explain to him the consummation which is about to take place; for all the earth shall perish; the waters of a deluge shall come over the whole earth, and all things which are in it shall be destroyed. And now teach him how he may escape, and how his seed may remain in all the earth. Again the Lord said to Raphael, Bind Azazyel hand and foot; cast him into darkness; and opening the desert which is in Dudael, cast him in there. Throw upon him hurled and pointed stones, covering him with darkness; There shall he remain forever; cover his face, that he may not see the light. And in the great day of judgment let him be cast into the fire. Restore the earth, which the angels have corrupted; and announce life to it, that I may revive it. All the sons of men shall not perish in consequence of every secret, by which the Watchers [angels] have destroyed, and which they have taught, their offspring. All the earth has been corrupted by the effects of the teaching of Azazyel. To him therefore ascribe the whole crime” (Book of Enoch, 10:1-12).

We need to remember that some of the demons remain free to do the work of Satan. However, some have been locked up.  Maybe you, like me, have wondered why some are locked up.  Let us look at what the apostle Peter said: “For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; and did not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, one of eight people, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood on the world of the ungodly” (2 Peter 2:4-5).

Jude also commented on the chained demons.  “And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day” (Jude 1:6).

Did Peter and Jude also consider the “The Book of Enoch” to have historical value? The Muslims also had a great respect for the “Book of Enoch”.

Quote:

“Before all these things Enoch was concealed; nor did any one of the sons of men know where he was concealed, where he had been, and what had happened.  He was wholly engaged with the holy ones, and with the Watchers in his days. I, Enoch, was blessing the great Lord and King of peace. And behold the Watchers called me Enoch the scribe. Then the Lord said to me: Enoch, scribe of righteousness, go tell the Watchers of heaven, who have deserted the lofty sky, and their holy everlasting station, who have been polluted with women. And have done as the sons of men do, by taking to themselves wives, and who have been greatly corrupted on the earth; That on the earth they shall never obtain peace and remission of sin. For they shall not rejoice in their offspring; they shall behold the slaughter of their beloved; shall lament for the destruction of their sons; and shall petition for ever; but shall not obtain mercy and peace” (Book of Enoch, 12:1-6).

“Then Enoch, passing on, said to Azazyel: You shalt not obtain peace. A great sentence is gone forth against you. He shall bind you; neither shall relief, mercy, and supplication be yours, on account of the oppression which you have taught; and on account of every act of blasphemy, tyranny, and sin, which you have discovered to the children of men. Then departing from him I spoke to them all together; And they all became terrified, and trembled” (Book of Enoch, 13:1-5).”

The book of Enoch has a lot more to say about the coming judgment to God’s people in the last days but we will not read further. Let us return to the Genesis account.

“Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And the LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. So the LORD said, ‘I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping thing and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them.’ But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD” (Gen. 6:5-8).

Now return to ‘The Antediluvian Period” to complete the story of Noah and the Flood.