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The Interlude Chapters

The Interlude Chapters

Chapter Seven
The Jewish Evangelists and Tribulation Saints

Chapter seven is the first of the interlude chapters of Revelation. These chapters provide flashbacks and look forward to activities and characters participating in events of the tribulation. Sometimes they are symbolic and add insight for our understanding.

Chapter seven provides information and evangelistic activities taking place during the tribulation. These activities were probably triggered by the rapture and began shortly thereafter. The disappearing of millions of people and the catastrophic events that followed would cause many people to question what was going on. Many, including the Jews would diligently search their Bibles for answers. Also, after the church is raptured, spiritual blindness of the Jews regarding Christ, would be removed and they would be awakened to the fact that He was the Messiah.

God will then turn back to a selected group of Jews to evangelize the world. “Then I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God. And he cried with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was granted to harm the earth and the sea, saying, ‘Do not harm the earth, the sea, or the trees till we have sealed the servants of our God on their foreheads.’ And I heard the number of those who were sealed. One hundred and forty-four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel were sealed: of the tribe of Judah twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Gad twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Asher twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Simeon twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Levi twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Issachar twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand were sealed; of the tribe of Benjamin twelve thousand were sealed “ (Rev. 7:2-8).

Many, including the Seventh-day Adventist and the Jehovah’s Witness, have claimed that these verses apply to them. However, it is clear that these evangelists are Jews. We must keep in mind that God took the job of evangelism away from the Jews before giving the great commission to the Church and it is very important to understand that the Church must be removed before He gives that job to another group. At this time, He is not giving the job to Israel but to a small sealed group of Jews.

It is interesting to note that two tribes, Dan and Ephraim, are missing from the 144,000 and Joseph and Levi have been included in their place. It is also interesting that when the kingdom of Israel was divided into the Northern Kingdom and Southern Kingdom, Jeroboam, king of the Northern Kingdom set up the golden calf worship in Dan and in Bethel. Bethel was located within the land given to the tribe of Ephraim. Could God be punishing these two tribes because of their golden calf worship?

God will seal the 144,000 evangelist so that harm cannot come to them and they will preach the gospel of Jesus Christ to the world in the midst of great adversity. During this time there will be a great soul harvest for the kingdom as both Jews and Gentiles are saved. These saved people are called Tribulation Saints. They are a unique group of people in God’s kingdom just as Israel and the Church are unique. The many martyred Tribulation saints will receive special crowns and rewards for their service.

It has been estimated that more people will be saved during the tribulation than during the entire Church age. There will be a great outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon the evangelists just as it was at the Day of Pentecost. They will be filled with the Holy Spirit and will perform many miracles. Their zeal and enthusiasm will be equal to or exceed that of the Apostle Paul. There could be three times as many Jewish evangelists as present day Spirit filled pastors, evangelists and missionaries. With current or future technology such as satellites, web sites and E-mail, they could reach the world for Christ very quickly.

Catastrophic events and vicious persecutions will polarize people for God and against God. Millions will turn to him but millions will harden their hearts and follow the Antichrist to their destruction. God will place His mark on His people and the Antichrist will place his mark on those who follow him.

The next verses in chapter seven gives us an idea of the soul harvest. “After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands, and crying out with a loud voice, saying, ‘Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!’ All the angels stood around the throne and the elders and the four living creatures, and fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped God, saying: ‘Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom, thanksgiving and honor and power and might, be to our God forever and ever. Amen” (Rev. 7:9-12).

These are the Tribulation saints who have been martyred but John does not recognize them and he questions their identity. “Then one of the elders answered, saying to me, ‘Who are these arrayed in white robes, and where did they come from?’ And I said to him, ‘Sir, you know.’ So he said to me, ‘These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Therefore they are before the throne of God, and serve Him day and night in His temple. And He who sits on the throne will dwell among them. They shall neither hunger anymore nor thirst anymore; the sun shall not strike them, nor any heat; for the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will shepherd them and lead them to living fountains of waters. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes'” (Rev. 7:13-17).

It is not clear what the role of the Tribulation saints will be in God’s kingdom and at what point they will receive resurrected bodies. It is interesting that their service is in his temple. They will find peace and happiness in their place of service.

Chapter Ten
The Angel and Little Book

Between the seventh and tenth chapters we have the trumpet judgements and now we come to another interlude. The tenth chapter tells us about a special angel who is sent to the earth to claim the earth for the Lord.

“I saw still another mighty angel coming down from heaven, clothed with a cloud. And a rainbow was on his head, his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire. He had a little book open in his hand. And he set his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land, and cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roars. When he cried out, seven thunders uttered their voices. Now when the seven thunders uttered their voices, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, ‘Seal up the things which the seven thunders uttered, and do not write them” (Rev. 10:1-4).

There has been much discussion over the identity of the mighty angel. Many have tried to identify him with Jesus but other verses will show that this is a special angel.

Angels are messengers and they are quite active in the book of Revelation. Although Jesus appeared as “The Angel of the Lord” in the Old Testament, He has not appeared as an angel in the New Testament. The angel is a special envoy of Christ who has been sent to the earth to claim it for Jesus. He has a little book, which many claim, is the title deed to the earth. However, the scroll given to Jesus in chapter five is the title deed to the earth and unless this book contains the same scroll, then it is not the title deed to the earth. We don’t know what it is and only would be speculating if we guessed.

When he cried out, seven thunders uttered their voices from heaven. We do not know what these voices uttered because John was told not to record it. He may not even know what was said. We are not told if anyone on earth heard the voices.

The angel now exalts the Lord and explains that soon that Great Tribulation would be over. “The angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land raised up his hand to heaven and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things that are in it, the earth and the things that are in it, and the sea and the things that are in it, that there should be delay no longer, but in the days of the sounding of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, the mystery of God would be finished, as He declared to His servants the prophets” (Rev. 10:5-7).

We are in the middle of the Tribulation and there are seven more judgments to come and the next few years will be the worst of all but the end is near when Jesus will have final victory.

John is now told to eat the little book. This probably means that it is not the book containing the scroll and seals. “Then the voice which I heard from heaven spoke to me again and said, ‘Go, take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the earth.’ So I went to the angel and said to him, ‘Give me the little book.’ And he said to me, ‘Take and eat it; and it will make your stomach bitter, but it will be as sweet as honey in your mouth.’ Then I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and it was as sweet as honey in my mouth. But when I had eaten it, my stomach became bitter. And he said to me, ‘You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, tongues, and kings'”(Rev. 10:8b-11).

The word of God was bittersweet. John is to record what he is seeing as it is prophesy about latter days.

Chapter Eleven
The Jewish Temple and the Two Witnesses

When the Antichrist signs the covenant with Israel (Daniel 9:27), he will permit Israel to rebuild their temple and they will once again make animal sacrifices. At the beginning of chapter eleven, we are told about that temple. John was asked to measure it. “Then I was given a reed like a measuring rod. And the angel stood, saying, ‘Rise and measure the temple of God, the altar, and those who worship there. But leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the Gentiles. And they will tread the holy city underfoot for forty-two months’” (Rev.11:1-2).

Even though there will be 144,000 Jewish evangelists during the Tribulation, the majority of the people will continue to harden their heart against Jesus as the promised Messiah. The remaining verses of chapter twelve tell us about the two witnesses that God will send to Israel, probably Jerusalem, as a witness to the Jewish people.

“‘And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.’ These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands standing before the God of the earth. And if anyone wants to harm them, fire proceeds from their mouth and devours their enemies. And if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this manner. These have power to shut heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy; and they have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to strike the earth with all plagues, as often as they desire” (Rev 11:3-6).

Most scholars believe that these two witnesses are Moses and Elijah. Moses represented the law and Elijah represented the prophets. However, since Enoch and Elijah did not die but were taken up into heaven, some believe that Enoch is one of the witnesses.

The witnesses have two roles. The first role is to stand against the Antichrist just as Moses stood against Pharaoh during the exodus. They will be able to perform miracles as Moses and Elijah did during the Old Testament days. Their second role is to teach the gospel of Jesus Christ. They will play an important role in training the 144,000 witnesses. Those who come against them will be destroyed. The Antichrist will try to kill them but he will be unable to do so until their time is fulfilled. With the availability of today’s news coverage, most of the world will be able see and hear their witness.

We can assume that the two witnesses arrived at the beginning of the Tribulation. We are now reading about the termination of their role at the mid-point of the tribulation.

When their time is fulfilled, the Antichrist will kill them. “When they finish their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit will make war against them, overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. Then those from the peoples, tribes, tongues, and nations will see their dead bodies three-and-a-half days, and not allow their dead bodies to be put into graves. And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them, make merry, and send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth. Now after the three-and-a-half days the breath of life from God entered them, and they stood on their feet, and great fear fell on those who saw them. And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, ‘Come up here.” And they ascended to heaven in a cloud, and their enemies saw them’” (Rev. 11:7-12).

It is quite apparent that the whole world has been watching what is going on in Jerusalem. Since the Antichrist appears to have won, there is great rejoicing at the death of the two witnesses. But much to everyone’s astonishment, the two witnesses are resurrected and taken into heaven in a cloud.

After this God’s wrath is again poured out upon the people. “In the same hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell. In the earthquake seven thousand people were killed, and the rest were afraid and gave glory to the God of heaven” (Rev. 11:13).

“The second woe is past. Behold, the third woe is coming quickly. Then the seventh angel sounded: And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, ‘The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!’ And the twenty-four elders who sat before God on their thrones fell on their faces and worshiped God, saying: ‘We give You thanks, O Lord God Almighty, the One who is and who was and who is to come, because You have taken Your great power and reigned'” (Rev. 11:14-17).

There is a great celebration of victory in heaven but at the same time, God’s wrath has hardened the hearts of many people on earth. They are about to confirm the Antichrist as the promised messiah.

The next scene lets us see some of the details of the temple which is heaven. We will recall that the Tribulation saints were placed in the temple. “Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His temple. And there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail” (Rev. 11:19).

Chapter Twelve
Other Characters and Activities

Beginning with chapter twelve, we have several characters or scenes which we need to identify.

“Now a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a garland of twelve stars. Then being with child, she cried out in labor and in pain to give birth” (Rev. 12:1-2).
The woman, a symbol of Israel, gave birth to Christ. Israel was a light bearer in the Old Testament and from Israel a remnant of 144,000 Jews serves as light bearers during the Tribulation.

“And another sign appeared in heaven: behold, a great, fiery red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems on his heads. His tail drew a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was ready to give birth, to devour her Child as soon as it was born. She bore a male Child who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron. And her Child was caught up to God and His throne. Then the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, that they should feed her there one thousand two hundred and sixty days” (Rev. 12:3-6).

The red dragon is Satan and he was about to declare war in heaven. The male Child of the woman is Jesus and Satan is at war with Him. We will recall that Satan tried to kill Jesus as soon as He was born. There is a lot of symbolism in the above verses.

“And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought, but they did not prevail, nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer. So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him” (Rev. 12:7-9).

For reasons that we do not understand, Satan and his angels have had access to heaven. Now there is war in heaven between Satan and Michael, the Archangel, and Satan and his angels (demons) are cast out of heaven unto the earth.

“Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, ‘Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down. And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, and they did not love their lives to the death. Therefore rejoice, O heavens, and you who dwell in them! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth and the sea! For the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, because he knows that he has a short time’” (Rev. 12:10-12).

There was great rejoicing in heaven after Satan and his angels were removed from heaven. Now Satan is about to turn up the heat on Israel on earth.

“Now when the dragon saw that he had been cast to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male Child. But the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. So the serpent spewed water out of his mouth like a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away by the flood. But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the flood which the dragon had spewed out of his mouth. And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ” (Rev. 12:13-17).

The devil will indwell the Antichrist and turn against Israel. Israel will then be under the last three and one half years of the Tribulation and experience the worst persecution in its history as a nation. God has sealed the 144,000 witnesses and he will hide and protect them from Satan and the Antichrist. Some believe that God will hide all Jewish believers during this time.

Chapter Thirteen
The Antichrist and The False Prophet

We saw the introduction of the Antichrist when the first seal was opened. In the thirteenth chapter, we have more information given to us about him. We are approaching the middle of the Tribulation period and the Antichrist will become much more aggressive. Now that Satan has been denied access to heaven, he will take even a more active role on earth as he indwells the Antichrist. The following verses provide a more detailed description of the Antichrist.

“Then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name. Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast” (Rev. 13:1-3).

First, notice that the beast came up out of the sea. The sea represents the multitudes of people and the Antichrist has come out of a New World order. He consolidated power and became a world dictator during the first three and one half years. He has seven heads and ten horns. The horns represent ten kings or divisions of his consolidated kingdom. They will be puppet kings with no real power. Scholars differ in opinion as to the meaning of the seven heads. Some believe that seven great kingdoms are in view: (1) Assyrian, (2) Egyptian, (3) Babylonian, (4) Medo-Persian, (5) Greek, (6) Old Roman Empire and (7) Revived Roman Empire. Other believe that the heads represent periods of Roman rulers with the last being the Antichrist. The description of the beast is very similar to the beast that Daniel saw and the seven heads represented the kingdoms.

Maybe the beast symbolizes both kingdoms and the head of the kingdom. We will note that the dragon, Satan, gave power, a throne and great authority to the beast. This would imply that the beast is symbolic of a man. Also, we see that one of the heads was mortally wounded but the wound was healed. This symbolizes that the Antichrist was killed and was resurrected.

Chapter seventeen gives additional insight. “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is” (Rev. 17:8). The statement “was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit” implies death. Now we see the beast ascending out of the bottomless pit which is the dwelling place of Satan.

“So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, ‘Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?’ And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months.” (Rev.13:4-5).

When the Antichrist is resurrected, Satan will be incarnated into the body of the Antichrist. It will actually be Satan himself who will control the kingdom during the last forty-two months.

“Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven. It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. If anyone has an ear, let him hear. He who leads into captivity shall go into captivity; he who kills with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints” (Rev. 13:6-10).

The last three and one half years of the Tribulation will be hell on earth. Never have God’s saints been more persecuted. It will be a time of great warfare between Satan and God.

Next, we see another creature come on the scene. “Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth, and he had two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon. And he exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence, and causes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed” (Rev. 13:11-12).

This is the infamous False Prophet who will elevate and assist the Antichrist during the last three and one-half years. He came out of the earth and some believe this means that he will be Jewish. Most every time the earth is mentioned it refers to the nation, Israel. Israel’s eternal home is on the new earth, which will be re-created. Many believe that the False Prophet will be the one who will resurrect the Antichrist. Apparently he will be able to do many miracles just as Christ did when He was on earth. With the arrival of the False Prophet on the scene, we have the satanic trinity, Satan, Antichrist and the False Prophet, ruling on earth just as there is the divine trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, in Heaven.

“He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men. And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived. He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed” (Rev. 13:13-15).

The primary role of the False Prophet will be to focus worship upon the Antichrist who at this time is indwelled by Satan. It has always been Satan’s desire to pre-empt the throne of God and to have the people worship him. The False Prophet will create an image of the Antichrist and place it in the Jewish temple where he will declare the Antichrist to be the promised Messiah. The Jewish temple, which has been rebuilt, will now be defiled. Jesus quoted Daniel by called it “the abomination of desolation.” “‘Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place’ (whoever reads, let him understand), ‘then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains’” (Matt. 24:15-16).

This is a period of time called “Jacobs Troubles”. “Alas! For that day is great, so that none is like it; and it is the time of Jacob’s trouble, but he shall be saved out of it” (Jer. 30:7). The Bible tells us that only one third of the Jews will survive the tribulation. “’And it shall come to pass in all the land,’ says the LORD, ‘that two-thirds in it shall be cut off and die, but one-third shall be left in it” (Zech. 13:8).

The image of the Antichrist, which the False Prophet created, appeared to come alive and speak. If the people do not worship the image they will be killed. The False Prophet required all the people to acquire the mark of the beast, which was a symbol of allegiance and devotion to the Antichrist. ‘He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666’” (Rev. 13:16-18).

Many have speculated concerning the number, 666, but no one knows what it means. God will also mark his faithful people with His mark and at this time the people will be polarized into two groups. Those who take the mark of the beast will be destined for hell and eternal separation from God. Their hearts will become harder and harder as they support the Antichrist and worship Satan.

Chapter Fourteen
Other Information about the Tribulation

Chapter fourteen opens with a word of encouragement for those who do not take the mark of the beast. The scene may not actually take place but is symbolic as John looked down on the earth. “Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, like the voice of many waters, and like the voice of loud thunder. And I heard the sound of harpists playing their harps“ (Rev. 14:1-2).

The scene is one of Jesus protecting the 144,000 Jewish evangelists. Jesus may physically be on earth or He may be there in a vision as He first appeared to John at the beginning of the Revelation. The important thing is that the evangelists can stand on Mount Zion in Jerusalem and not be harmed by the Antichrist because they have the same protection as the two witnesses did when they were on earth.

After seeing the scene, there is rejoicing in heaven. “They sang as it were a new song before the throne, before the four living creatures, and the elders; and no one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed from the earth. These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins.

These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These were redeemed from among men, being firstfruits to God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth was found no deceit, for they are without fault before the throne of God” (Rev. 14:3-5).

The scene moves to an announcement of the final destruction of Satan’s kingdom by three angels. The first angel presents the gospel one last time. “Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people— saying with a loud voice, ‘Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water'” (Rev. 14:6-7).

The second angel announces the destruction of Babylon. “And another angel followed, saying, ‘Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication’” (Rev.14:8). Babylon is a city which is symbolic of Satan’s evil empire. The city, which has been the capital of the Antichrist kingdom, will soon be destroyed.

“Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, ‘If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.’” (Rev. 14:9-11).

It seems that these three announcements are made before anyone actually receives the mark of the beast. These announcements are a final warning that are preached around the world. Jesus said when the gospel of the kingdom will be preached around the world and then the end would come (Matt. 24:14).

The final verses tell us of the harvest of evil that is soon to come. “’So He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped. Then another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. And another angel came out from the altar, who had power over fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.’ So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. And the winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, for one thousand six hundred furlongs” (Rev. 14:16-20).

The final harvest will come with the war of Armageddon. The word “Armageddon” means Har Megiddo (Mount of Megiddo). This mountain sits at the edge of the Plain of Esdraelon, a major trade route and the crossroads of the world, and has been a major battleground throughout the history of the Holy Land. This is the site of last great battle before Jesus comes back to reign.

Chapter Fifteen
Introduction to the Bowl Judgements

This chapter announces the seven bowl judgements, which contains the wrath of God. “Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them the wrath of God is complete” (Rev. 15:1).

The four living creatures gave the seven angels the bowls of wrath and the temple wall filled with smoke from the glory of the Lord. No one was allowed to enter the temple of the Lord which was in heaven until the seven plagues were fulfilled (Rev. 14:7,8).